SONS Sphenoid Relays
Sequence of events for pituitary gland and Hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract stimulation relays and the transmission to the CNS using SONS:
- Electrical impulses form the sphenoid sinus are transmitted to the pituitary gland
- From pituitary gland, they are transmitted to the Hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract
- The Hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract connects to all the hypothalamic and thalamic nuclei and to the limbic system
- From there, the electrical impulses are transmitted to cortical centers to improve memory.
Sphenoid sinus and it adjacent 10 cranial nerve fasciculi transmit the electrical impulses and relay stimulation to many centers of the brain stem then to subcortical and cortical centers of the brain.
- From the sphenoid sinus the electrical impulses are transmitted to the sphenoid sinus mucosa
- From sphenoid sinus mucosa to wall of the sphenoid sinus
- From the wall of the sphenoid sinus to blood and 10 cranial nerves in the cavernous sinus
- From the nerve fasciculi, the electrical impulses are transmitted to all cranial nerve nuclei, basal ganglions, substantia nigra, red nucleus and other centers.
- From these nuclei in the midbrain and pons, the electrical impulses are transmitted to fornix, hypothalamus, thalamus, thalamic radiation, limbic system then to cortical centers.